This is because, in each module that you study, you are expected to do a research to prompt your thinking and reasoning.
Here is a sample paraphrase: From Ron Bachman, "Reaching for the Sky. Just how high can a building go? Structural engineer William LeMessurier has designed a skyscraper nearly one-half mile high, twice as tall as the Sears Tower.
And architect Robert Sobel claims that existing technology could produce a story building. How much higher skyscrapers of the future will rise than worlds tallest building, the Sears Tower, is unknown.
The design of one twice as tall is already on the boards, and an architect, Robert Sobel, thinks we currently have sufficient know-how to build a skyscraper with over stories Bachman The writer never uses the exact words of the author therefore there is no need to use quotation marks.
The writer summarizes, uses his or her own words and then cites the source at the end. Sometimes a paraphrase will be large and must be broken up. A good rule of thumb is to break up a paragraph that is completely paraphrased into two or three citations.
The writer has given credit to the author and thus has avoided plagiarism. Now the author would just continue writing after double spacing. Your paper will more or less be paraphrase after paraphrase linked together by your own words and analysis.
You need to introduce, analyze and put into context the paraphrases you use. This is the nature of the research paper, after all, you are not the expert, they are.
If you cite from the same author in the very next citation you do not have to put the authors last name in the in line citation, just the page number. As a matter of fact the architect William LeMessurier claims he designed a skyscraper that is over a half a mile tall Citing a Direct Quote Citing a direct quote uses the same form as citing a paraphrase.
Here is a sample direct quote: From "Captain Cousteau," Audubon May Yet the fragility of this regulating system is now threatened by human activity. The importance of the sea to the environment of the earth cannot be underestimated. The first sentence is neither a paraphrase or a quote.
It is the writers own words. The writer is introducing and placing the Cousteau quote into context. Direct Quote Over Four Lines: A great speech or famous quote might justify using a direct quote over four lines. To do this skip a line, indent five spaces on both sides of the quote, single space and use italics.
Place the citation on the next line to the lower right of the quote.
Go to the next line and then continue with your paper. Abraham Lincoln said in his famous Gettysburg Address:Social Studies help for American History, Economics and AP Government. There are class notes, numerous Supreme Court case summaries and information on how to write a research paper inside.
Position papers can use any of the other essay forms like definition, description, and cause, evaluation, argument or problem solution.
However, you need to remember that the purpose of the paper is not to explore the issue but to argue a particular position about the issue. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
HOW TO WRITE A RESEARCH PAPER. Will G Hopkins PhD. Department of Physiology and School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin , New Zealand.
INTRODUCTION Background. This article is written in the form of an original-research paper for the journal Sportscience. A few of the requirements for form and content are unique to Sportscience, but most are common to all good scientific journals.
How to Write an Argumentative Research Paper. In this Article: Article Summary Sample Outlines Getting Started Research Your Topic Drafting Your Essay Revising Your Essay Community Q&A An argumentative essay requires you to make an argument about something and support your point of view using evidence in the form of primary and secondary sources.