Email The one constant thing in our life is change. We cannot avoid it and the more we resist change the tougher our life becomes. Trust me, I know this because I was very skilled at deflecting change in my life.
To know them is to understand literature and politics in postwar America. Select four answers to the question what should a reader be to be a good reader: The reader should belong to a book club.
The reader should identify himself or herself with the hero or heroine. The reader should concentrate on the social-economic angle. The reader should prefer a story with action and dialogue to one with none. The reader should have seen the book in a movie. The reader should be a budding author.
The reader should have imagination. The reader should have memory. The reader should have a dictionary.
The reader should have some artistic sense. Of course, as you have guessed, the good reader is one who has imagination, memory, a dictionary, and some artistic sense. While Nabokov was busy scrutinizing and cataloging literary devices, his U. On another level, however, Nabokov was making a subtle argument about the reading practices that had arisen alongside other changes in the United States just after World War II: Although his pop quiz registers his disdain for readers who deprioritized aesthetics, Nabokov himself was no stranger to such institutional laughter and tears essay help of reading.
Never before had so many people aspired to engage with literary texts as serious works of art, armed with an autonomous set of rules governing what they read, how they read, and to what ends. Whether as exceptional students who went on to become professional writers, editors, publishers, teachers, or scholars of literature, or merely dutiful ones who would scatter into the workforce after graduation, the imprint of the good reader was often treated as a wholesale remaking of whatever reading habits had come before and a defense against those that might come after.
If the way he found shuts bad readers out, they must try to become better. Who were these bad readers? Where had they come from? What did they want out of reading? Why do bad readers matter? They lead us to the kinds of citizens—the internationalized subjects—that practices of bad reading aspired to produce.
Nowhere was this shift in reading practices more apparent than in institutions of international communication, where American literature played a crucial role in helping national and international readers alike acclimate to the rise of U.
At the same time that U. The institutions of literacy cultivation are intriguing not only for the sheer novelty of their political and international conscription of U. Instead, these institutions strike me as exemplary for how people trained to read under their auspices began to imagine that reading literature might, quite literally, change the world: And their creation helped devise enduring strategies for how people could use literature to learn to speak, feel, perceive, and interact with others throughout the postwar period.
It is because they lead us to the kinds of citizens—the internationalized subjects—that practices of bad reading aspired to produce; and show how these literate subjects used reading to navigate a political climate that championed liberal individualism, on the one hand, while establishing unprecedented forms of institutional oversight, on the other.
Yet just as good readers required bad readers to prop up their sense of social distinction, so too did the category of literature require something outside itself to stabilize it. These literate subjects used reading to navigate a political climate that championed liberal individualism, on the one hand, while establishing unprecedented forms of institutional oversight, on the other.
Like a paramilitary group, which borrows its training techniques from the military but adapts them to different ends, or a parasite, which lives beside and feeds off its host, paraliterary readers exist alongside and in dialogue with the institutions of literature.
This is an account of how American literature made its mark on the world in strange and unappreciated ways: We are overwhelmingly familiar with the equipment that goes into the making of good readers: But what texts and institutional spaces account for the creation of bad readers?
To understand how people read in institutions adjacent to literature departments, we must first account for the distinctive types of texts that people read in tandem with literary works. Let me begin, somewhat conservatively, as Nabokov suggests his good reader ought, with a dictionary.
Tracking the various and evolving meanings of the term paraliterary—as a genre, a reading practice, and an institutional domain—offers a general framework for understanding the bad reader: These were the conditions under which the RFE urged the reading of memoirs, diaries, biographies, diplomatic studies, bureaucratic archives, and feature reports as primers for engaging with literary texts.
The RFE was by no means unique in its invitation to readerly preparation through paraliterary works. But how was this scene of reading organized and what did it hope to accomplish?
Paraliterary works were meant to be read as factual, historically accurate narratives. Rather than an insistence on genre differentiation, here the invitation was to genre confusion.Apr 04, · Hey, I'm new, can someone please read my horror story and check for any improvements?
Thanks you Story: Mabel Collins, English-Opening to Horror story The cool night breeze whistled softly, blowing lightly through my hair.
Reflective essays describe an event or experience, then analyze the meaning of that experience and what can be learned from it.
What makes an essay reflective is that the writer is analyzing a past event from the present. It is so tiring, and yet you find yourself with less help than you have available when you have two kids.
You see, many people cannot handle your three kids. THE DIALOGUES OF LUCIUS ANNAEUS SENECA BOOK I TO LUCILIUS ON PROVIDENCE+.
Why, though there is a Providence, some Misfortunes befall Good Men. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - . Russian president Vladimir Putin was left in fits of laughter during an agricultural meeting last week after the Minister of Agriculture suggested exporting pork meat to .