Nursing Theories and a Philosophy of Nursing Ida Jean Orlando - Nursing Theorist Regardless of how well thought out a nursing care plan is for a patient, obstacles to the patient's recovery may come up at any time.
In the s, governmental grants became available for studies integrating mental health concepts into nursing curricula. Whereas nursing theories were most often developed deductively in the s, Orlando was the first to develop theory inductively in an empirical study of nursing practice.
For 3 years she observed and recorded what she saw and heard in interactions between patients and nurses Orlando, ; Pelletier, Orlando asked nurses with dissimilar views, experience, and education to place each record into one of the categories she had initially identified.
In the second study, she assessed the relevance of earlier formulations, educated and evaluated nurses in the use of her formulations, and tested the validity of the theory formulations.
Based on this research, her original formulations were validated and showed significant research results. She also extended her theory to include the entire nursing practice system Orlando, Woolridge, Skipper, and Leonard classified it as a prescriptive theory.
Others including Barnum and Crane described it as an interaction theory, and Fawcett classified it as a middle-range predictive theory. If the problem is not discovered, it cannot be solved.
Orlando described her theory as a nursing process theory rather than effective nursing care theory Orlando-Pelletier, The theory focuses on the interaction between the nurse and patient, perception validation, and the use of the nursing process to produce positive outcomes or patient improvement.
Orlando's key focus was the definition of the function of nursing.
Ida Jean Orlando-Pelletier (August 12, – November 28, ) was an internationally known psychiatric health nurse, theorist and researcher who developed the “Deliberative Nursing Process Theory.”. Orlando’s nursing process discipline is rooted in the interaction between a nurse and a patient at a specific time and place.
A sequence of interchanges involving patient behavior and nurse reaction takes place until the patient’s need for help, as he perceives it, .
Orlando perceives the second metaparadigm concept, nursing, as a dynamic, deliberative, situationally unique process, in which the nurse ascertains the client’s needs and initiates a process . On Orlando's Deliberative Nursing Process Theory, the focus is on the interaction between the nurse and patient, perception validation, and the use of the nursing process to produce positive. Orlando's Deliberative Nursing Process Theory model was chosen by the nurse supervisor for the practice application because the idea of validation in dealing with patients who are in distress met.
Orlando’s nursing process discipline is rooted in the interaction between a nurse and a patient at a specific time and place. A sequence of interchanges involving patient behavior and nurse reaction takes place until the patient’s need for help, as he perceives it, is clarified.
Ida Jean Orlando developed her Deliberative Nursing Process that allows nurses to formulate an effective nursing care plan that can also be easily adapted when and if any complexity come up with the patient. Orlando’s deliberative nursing process is not a linear benjaminpohle.com the deliberative process is a “muddy,” serial, back-and-forth process because it has elements of continuous reflection as the nurse attempts to understand the patient’s meaning of the behavior and what help the patient needs from the nurse in order to be helped (p.