Innovation and Technology in the 19th Century Question How did innovation and technology change life in the 19th century? Answer There were two technological innovations that profoundly changed daily life in the 19th century. According to some, the development and application of steam engines and electricity to various tasks such as transportation and the telegraph, affected human life by increasing and multiplying the mechanical power of human or animal strength or the power of simple tools. Those who lived through these technological changes, felt them to be much more than technological innovations.
This picture was one in a large series of the almost-finished Capitol in Washington D. The United States changed dramatically in its first half century. In the U. By eleven new states had been added from Maine to Louisiana. This geographic growth and especially the political incorporation of the new states demonstrated that the United States had resolved a fundamental question about how to expand.
This growth not only built upon the Louisiana Purchase, but included military intervention in Spanish Florida which the United States then claimed by treaty in The new shape of the nation required thinking about the United States in new ways. For instance, a classic text on American geography in taught that the United States was composed of three basic divisions: But the edition of that same book included a new region because western states and territories needed recognition as well.
Byover two million Americans lived west of the Appalachian Mountains. The growing regional distinctiveness of American life was complex.
Four basic regions with distinct ways of life had developed along the eastern seaboard in the colonial period. As people from these regions joined new immigrants to the United States in settling the west, they established additional distinctive regions that combined frontier conditions with ways of doing things from their previous places of origin.
The institution of slavery was a target for many of the Bible and Benevolent Societies that formed in the early 19th century. This image, taken from a children's book, depicts treatment on a slave ship and the inhuman conditions abducted Africans faced.
The newly settled western lands of this period can be grouped in several ways, but four basic divisions were most evident: The new shape of the nation reflected much more than just physical expansion. This period also witnessed dramatic economic and religious changes.
A new capitalist economy enormously expanded wealth and laid the foundation for the Industrial Revolution that flourished later in the 19th century. The great opportunities of economic development also brought new hardships for many people, especially those who toiled as slaves under the startlingly new system of cotton slavery that boomed in the early 19th century.
A dynamic religious movement known as the Second Great Awakening also transformed the nation in this period. Although springing from internal spiritual convictions, the new character of American Protestantism in the early 19th century reinforced the modern economic and political developments that created the new nation by the end of the s.
The United States had claimed political independence inbut its ability to make that claim a reality required at least another fifty years to be fully settled. The War ofhowever fitfully, had demonstrated American military independence, but breaking free of the economic and cultural dominance of Great Britain would prove to be longer and more complicated struggles.
In when President Monroe declared that the entire western hemisphere is "henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers," it was a claim made without the power to back it up.
Although his Monroe Doctrine became a central plank of U.Most of the reform movements that cropped up in Great Britain in the 19th century were in reaction to the extreme social change caused by the Industrial Revolution.
Between and a fuller industrial society emerged, including new forms of states and of diplomatic and military alignments. The midth century, in either formulation, looms as a particularly important point of transition within the extended 19th century.
The Industrial revolution brought with it many changes to the way man worked and lived, and with these changes, social reform was inevitable.
Thus the avalanche of that began with the automation of labor, spread to affect moral and social ideas. Apart from the technological inventions themselves, daily life in the 19th century was profoundly changed by the innovation of reorganizing work as a mechanical process, with humans as part of that process.
Major Political, Economic, and Social Changes in the United States from Introduction Any phenomenon that is alive in this world and continuously burgeoning holds rich and sheer history behind it. Start studying ch Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
An industrial core, an agricultural domain, and a third world tied to the industrial core by economic colonialism.
How did business expansion and consolidation affect the social structure in the late nineteenth century United States.