Wikipedia History Human habitation of Venezuela is estimated to have commenced at least 15, years ago, from which period leaf-shaped flake tools, together with chopping and plano-convex scraping implements, have been found exposed on the high riverine terraces of the Rio Pedregal in western Venezuela. In the 16th century, when the Spanish colonization of Venezuela began, indigenous peoples such as the Mariches, themselves descendants of the Caribs, were systematically killed. Indian caciques leaders such as Guaicaipuro and Tamanaco attempted to resist Spanish incursions, but were ultimately subdued; Tamanaco himself, by order of Caracas' founder Diego de Losada, was also put to death.
Samuel Murrell Overview Located on the northeastern coast of Venezuela, the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago comprises the two most southerly islands in the West Indies.
Tobago, which lies 20 miles northeast of Trinidad, measures only square miles. Trinidad, which has a land mass of 1, square miles, is about the size of Delaware. The Republic's capital, Port of Spain, is an important commercial center, producing beer, rum, plastics, lumber, and textiles.
Chief exports of Trinidad and Tobago include oil, sugar, citrus fruit, asphalt, and coffee. Trinidad and Tobago have approximately 1.
While the population of Tobago is predominantly black, Trinidad supports several ethnic groups, including Asian Indians The remaining 18 percent includes individuals of mixed heritage. The Republic's national flag has a black diagonal band edged with white on a red background.
Trinidad and Tobago's national anthem "Side By Side We Stand" echoes the country's commitment to racial and ethnic diversity: On July 31,Christopher Columbus discovered the islands, which were inhabited by about 40, native peoples Arawaks and Caribs whom he called Indians. Columbus named the larger island Trinidad, in honor of the Holy Trinity, and called Tobago the legendary island of Robinson Crusoe Concepcion.
The islands' native population began disappearing, largely from exposure to European diseases and poor treatment, shortly after the founding of the first city, San Josef de Quna Saint Josephin By the native population was reduced to less than 1, people and by they were virtually extinct.
Trinidad remained an underdeveloped outpost for almost years until the King of Spain issued the Cedular of Population in and began enticing planters to migrate to Trinidad with their slaves.
In thousands of French colonists, fleeing the French Revolution in Saint Domingue, settled in Trinidad, bringing enslaved Africans with them.
While Trinidad was largely ignored during the early years of colonization, Tobago fell to a number of European explorers. The island passed through the hands of Great Britain, France, Holland, and other invading European countries at least 22 times during its history, until it was finally ceded to Britain in In January Trinidad and Tobago united as one nation under British rule.
Africans were brought to Tobago as slaves in the early s but were not imported into Trinidad in great numbers until the early s.
After the British government abolished slavery inAsian Indian and Chinese laborers were brought to Trinidad as indentured servants.
Between andoverAsian Indians, Chinese, and Portuguese from Madeira were enticed into working on the islands' vast plantations. Lured by the fertile soil and unexplored natural resources, many former American slaves migrated to the island as well.
Consequently, by more than 70, blacks had settled in Trinidad and Tobago. Prior to independence, non-whites had little or no voice in government affairs.
In the British Government plotted the formation of a West Indian federation, which came to fruition in They chose Port of Spain as the capital. The federation was designed to foster political and cultural solidarity and to break down economic barriers among the islands.
The federation collapsed inhowever, when Jamaica seceded from the union, becoming an independent nation. Trinidad and Tobago attained independence on August 31,and became a republic within The Commonwealth in Trinidad and Tobago enjoyed substantial prosperity from the s to the early s due to the success of the oil industry, but prices plummeted in the late s, sending the country into a serious recession.
The first documented account of black immigration to the United States from the Caribbean dates back towhen a small group of voluntary indentured workers arrived in Jamestown, Virginia, on a Dutch frigate.
The immigrants worked as free people until when a Portuguese vessel arrived with the first shipload of blacks captured off the west coast of Africa. In the s Virginia and other states began instituting laws that took away the freedom of blacks and redefined them as chattel, or personal property.
Trinidad, like many other islands in the British West Indies, served as a clearinghouse for slaves en route to North America. The region also acted as a "seasoning camp" where newly arrived blacks were "broken-in" psychologically and physically to a life of slavery, as well as a place where they acquired biological resistance to deadly European diseases.
The first wave was modest and lasted from about to the s. Between andthe number of documented, English-speaking Caribbean immigrants entering the United States increased annually from in to 12, inalthough the actual number of Caribbean residents in the United States was probably twice as high.
Immigration fell substantially after when the U. By there were onlydocumented foreign blacks in the United States—less than two percent of the aggregate black population.May 07, · In other words, slavery wasn’t responsible for the failure of White colonization in Jamaica; it had much more to do with tropical disease, natural disasters, and warfare with neighboring powers like France and Spain.
Carib Studies Module 1 Essay MODULE ONE LOCATION AND DEFINITION OF THE CARIBBEAN REGION Definition of the Caribbean Region Geographical This describes the area washed by the Caribbean Sea and is often described as the Caribbean Basin - Carib Studies Module 1 Essay .
The initial colonization of the Caribbean region was led by the desire by colonialist to exploit the agricultural potential and in a short period of time, it gave way for large plantation and massive exportation of African slaves to work on those farms.
Caribbean Culture Becoming acquainted with the history and heritage of the Caribbean goes a long way towards understanding its culture. Each of the Caribbean islands has a unique and distinct cultural identity that was molded by early European colonialists, the African slave trade, as .
The Catholic Monarchs had developed a strategy of marriages for their children in order to isolate their long-time enemy: France. The Spanish princesses married the heirs of Portugal, England and the House of benjaminpohle.coming the same strategy, the Catholic Monarchs decided to support the Aragonese house of Naples against Charles VIII of France in the Italian Wars beginning in In this essay I will examine both the mayor reasons for the Spanish arrival in the new world and analyze the impacts that their colonization had on the indigenous people in Trinidad and Tobago.
To acquire gold, spread the word of god and accomplish glory, were indeed the most important reasons for the Spanish’s arrival in the new world.